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Includes a visual index of all 5E steps in the unit, learning goals, and an activity that tests students on the unit's prerequisites.
A motivating video presents an initial situation in a familiar and meaningful context and then exposes a problem or a discrepant event that students can't explain with their current ideas. Next, an activity about the video activates students' prior knowledge.
A guided inquiry-based activity challenges students' initial knowledge and conceptions, and provides opportunities to resolve the puzzlements of the previous phase. Students investigate phenomena, discuss ideas and make connections. The teacher becomes a facilitator who listens, observes, and guides students to their understanding. In this stage we can find virtual experiments, interactive explorations, Predict-Observe-Explain video-activities, etc.
The conceptual contents of the unit are formally presented in a systematic manner, using a wide range of multimedia resources. At this point, the ideas which have been both learned intuitively and through discovery are formalized and made universal. Every concept developed in this section is accompanied by interactive exercises that aim at consolidating what has been learned by means of practice. These exercises are designed to be carried out in groups using a digital whiteboard, or individually on the student’s computer.
This stage includes a problem-based activity. This activity requires the application of concepts, attitudes, and procedures learned by the student in the unit, in order to solve a new problem in a new situation.
To finish, the unit presents two resources of high educational value: one for review and the other for assessment. The first one includes a video which goes over the main concepts taught as the final revision of the unit, while the second one includes a final self-correcting test based on the principles of skills assessment. The test is not based on the evaluation of the students’ ability to learn concepts by heart, but on the practical application of the learned knowledge and procedures.
Creating Teachable Moments
Rodger W. Bybee
NSTA press, 2015
Rodger W. Bybee et al, The BSCS 5E Instructional Model: Origins, Effectiveness and Applications (2006)
Kimberly D. Tanner, Order Matters: Using the 5E Model to Align Teaching with How People Learn (2010)